How Countries Govern the Cyberspace? A Comparative Study of the U.S., Japan, Germany, Russia and India

August 12 , 2020 08:30 PM by MEN Honghua & GE Tianren

[Author] MEN Honghua & GE Tianren, 

MEN Honghua, Distinguished Professor at Tongji University, President of the Institute for China & World Studies, Tongji University, Dean of the School of Political Science & International Relations, Tongji University

[AbstractIn a critical period of economic and social transformation in China, it is vital to govern cyberspace effectively for future national development, especially against the background of the emerging industrial revolution. According to a comparative study on the US, Japan, Germany, Russia and India, the paper aims to analyze the governance model of cyberspace among those five countries. It argues the role of the state in governing cyberspace has been enhanced in fact and governed by two policy instruments including both market regulation and security management. All those countries tend to balance the industrial policy and cyberspace security management for enhancing the adaptability of governance based on their own political traditions and social environments. It comes out that a governance model with a "double helix" characteristic has been used in all these countries and each of them has a difference in the policy-making process. A more flexible policy and adaptive governance have been used to realize the double targets of cyberspace by alternating development and regulations in the fierce international competition.

[Key words] Cyberspace Governance; National Governance; Policymaking; Comparative Politics