[Author] WANG Binbin, Post-doctoral of the School of International Studies (SIS) of Peking University; ZHANG Haibin, Professor of SIS, PKU, Member of the Academic Committee of iGCU.
[Abstract] After the United Nations Marrakech Climate Change Conference, the uncertainty of global climate governance has increased, which is mainly reflected in two aspects. First, the pattern of China and the United States working together to give full play to climate leadership has been broken, and the new leadership pattern has yet to be determined. Second, the emission reduction model is transitioning from "top-down" to "bottom-up", which is an innovation and has no experience to follow. Therefore, the global climate governance system is entering a new "double transition" stage, which is both an opportunity and a challenge for China. China should make a choice at the strategic level, clarify the new climate leadership with Chinese characteristics, consolidate the hard-won consensus on global climate governance, devote the experience of global climate governance into the implementation of the Belt and Road strategy and contribute to the realization of the goal of sustainable development of the United Nations.
[Key Words] Climate Change; Climate Governance; Double Transition; Belt and Road; Sustainable Development.